At the turn of the twentieth century, nations, both sovereign and aspiring, feverishly worked to define, foster, and promote national identity. While historians have recognized the significance of this moment for modern identity formations, it has largely been neglected by art historians. Art, Culture and National Identity in Fin-de-Siècle Europe examines the phenomenon of politicized art and its connections to modernism. In eleven essays that focus on as many nations, an international team of authors explore the complex issues facing artists who helped to form a distinct national identity to audiences at home and abroad. The detailed case studies unravel the matrix of circumstances that fostered nationalistic developments, thereby offering a more nuanced understanding of European art and culture around 1900.